1. Chinese
  2. Gods

Chinese Gods and Goddesses

Explore ancient China, from the creation myths of Pangu, Nuwa and Fuxi, to the classic legends of Sun Wukong, Chang’e, Hou Yi, and the Jade Emperor.

Major Deities

  • Pangu

    In Chinese mythology, Pangu (盤古) is a horned and hairy beast considered to be the first living being in the universe. According to the Chinese creation myth, Pangu emerged from an egg containing the universe and created the earth and sky. He is also heavily associated with the concept of yin and yang.

  • Jade Emperor

    One of the most important and popular figures in Chinese mythology, the Jade Emperor (玉皇) is the supreme ruler of Heaven and the first emperor of China. Despite his vast power, the Jade Emperor’s most prominent traits are his benevolence, fairness, and mercy. During the New Year, the Jade Emperor is said to judge the character of each individual over the past year and punish or reward them accordingly.

  • Xiwangmu

    One of the most powerful goddesses in the Chinese pantheon, Xiwangmu (西王母), or Queen Mother of the West, is an ancient deity that holds power over life and death. As the wife of the Jade Emperor, Xiwangmu tends to the Peaches of Immortality and serves as a guardian to all Taoist women. She also played a key role in giving human emperors the Mandate of Heaven.

  • Chang’e

    The beautiful goddess of the moon, Chang’e (嫦娥) is a Chinese deity known for stealing the elixir of immortality from her husband Hou Yi. Her story plays a pivotal role in the annual Mid-Autumn Festival and remains popular to this day.

  • Hou Yi

    In Chinese mythology, Hou Yi (后羿) is considered to be the greatest archer of all time. While he is perhaps best known for shooting down nine of the ten suns and saving the earth, he is also known as one of China's original star-crossed lovers alongside his wife Chang’e (嫦娥).

  • Sun Wukong

    Sun Wukong (孫悟空), also known as the Monkey King, is a trickster god who plays a central role in the famous Chinese adventure novel Journey to the West. Though he starts out as an angry and impatient deity, Sun Wukong eventually achieves enlightenment and learns to live at peace with the world around him.