Chinese Goddess

Bixia

Bixia (碧霞) is a Chinese fertility goddess who protects young children and mothers. Also associated with the dawn, she set the perilous Yellow River back in its place during the Great Flood of China.

By Mae HamiltonLast updated on Nov. 22nd, 2021
  • Is Bixia another name for the goddess Xiwangmu?

    Bixia is sometimes conflated with the matronly goddess Xiwangmu in northern China, and sometimes with the compassionate Guanyin in the south.

  • Is Bixia divine or mortal in origin?

    Bixia is associated with numerous historical people, including an incarnation as the daughter or consort of the Grand Emperor of Mount Tai, where she has a popular shrine.

In Chinese mythology Bixia (碧霞) is a fertility goddess responsible for the dawn, and a guardian of mothers and young children. Her full name is Bìxiá Yuánjūn (碧霞元君) which means “Her Majesty of the Blue Dawn,” but she is most often referred to simply as Bìxiá (碧霞).

Etymology

In addition to her formal title, Bixia has a second name, Hòutǔ (后土), which is comprised of the character for “queen,” hòu (后), and tǔ (土), which means “Earth.” This second name translates as “Queen of the Earth.” She’s also colloquially referred to as Tiānxiān Niángniáng (天仙娘娘), or “Heavenly Immortal Lady.”

Mythology

During the Great Flood of China, when the flow of the Yellow River was catastrophically diverted from its usual course, Bixia was the deity who set the river back into place, saving the lives of many people in China. She is most commonly worshiped in the northern regions of China, and her identity is sometimes conflated with that of Xiwangmu (西王母).

More in Chinese Gods
Sun Wukong, the Monkey King (3:2)
Chinese God

Sun Wukong

The “Monkey King,” Chinese trickster god known for his impertinence

By Mae Hamilton
Jade Emperor, Chinese Ruler of Heaven (3:2)
Chinese God

Jade Emperor

The Supreme Ruler of Heaven in Chinese mythology, first emperor of China

By Mae Hamilton
Xiwangmu, Chinese Queen Mother of the West (3:2)
Chinese Goddess

Xiwangmu

“Queen Mother of the West,” powerful Chinese goddess of life and death

By Mae Hamilton
Hou Yi, Legendary Chinese Archer (3:2)
Chinese Hero

Hou Yi

Legendary archer and Chinese hero, famous for shooting down nine suns

By Mae Hamilton
Chang’e, Chinese Goddess of the Moon (3:2)
Chinese Goddess

Chang’e

Chinese goddess of the moon, best known for stealing the elixir of immortality

By Mae Hamilton
Zhong Kui, Chinese Demon Hunter (3:2)
Chinese God

Zhong Kui

The “Demon Hunter,” a popular Chinese protector deity who fights ghosts

By Mae Hamilton
Nuwa, Chinese Creator Deity (3:2)
Chinese Goddess

Nuwa

Chinese goddess who created all mankind, sister and wife to Fuxi

By Mae Hamilton
Fuxi, Chinese Creator Deity (3:2)
Chinese God

Fuxi

Humanity’s original ancestor in Chinese mythology, husband of Nuwa

By Mae Hamilton