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Roman Gods and Goddesses

Explore the Roman pantheon and rediscover the ancient gods of Rome, including Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, Mercury, Venus, Apollo and more.

Major Deities

  • Jupiter

    Jupiter Optimus Maximus, the “best and greatest,” was the king of the Roman gods, the lord of the heavens, and the wielder of thunder and lightning. In Roman mytho-history, Jupiter’s pact with the Roman king Numa Pompilius, sealed early in the history of Rome, explained the stunning success of the Roman army and the steady expansion of Roman hegemony.

  • Juno

    Faithful Juno was the queen of the Roman gods, the protector of home and family, and the defender of the Roman state. Often associated with the waxing and waning of the moon, Juno oversaw all aspects of womanhood, from menstruation, pregnancy, and childbirth to marriage, sex, and child-rearing.

  • Neptune

    Neptune was the Roman god of the seas and a patron of seafarers; he often wielded a trident and controlled winds and storms. Also known as Neptunus Equester, he was further recognized as a god of horses, horsemanship, and horse racing. While an important member of the Roman pantheon, Neptune was not worshiped as fervently as his counterparts, namely Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.

  • Minerva

    Worshiped and revered by craftsmen, philosophers, generals, and statesmen, Minerva was the source of all wisdom and forethought. As a military commander, she embodied Roman tactics and ensured Roman victories abroad. Alongside Jupiter and Juno, Minerva was a member of the divine triumvirate known as the Capitoline Triad.

  • Apollo

    Youthful Apollo was the Roman god of law, order, and reason; he also inspired music and poetry. While he gave humanity the gift of medicine, he also wielded a silver bow that would rain pestilence down upon his enemies. He was thought to reside at Delphi, the center of oracular thought in the ancient Mediterranean.

  • Venus

    The Roman goddess of love, beauty, and erotic desire, Venus was known for both her tremendous beauty and her ability to arouse passions A patron of prostitutes and protector of lovers, Venus served as a guardian of Rome, a city and empire that was founded by her mortal son Aeneas.