The Feathered Serpent
The gods and goddesses of the Ancient Aztecs.
These are the major deities of the Aztec Pantheon
The famed Aztec god of war, Huitzilopochtli was the patron god of the Mexica people and a key figure in the creation of the Aztec cosmogony. While Huitzilopochtli was responsible for leading the Aztecs to Tenochitlan, his fall would ultimately serve as a harbinger of doom for the empire and its people.
Xipe Totec was the Aztec god of agriculture, seasons, goldsmiths, and disease. He was often depicted wearing a suit of flayed skin, and his associated ceremonies emphasized his choice of attire. While Xipe Totec lacked a dense mythology, he nevertheless played an important role in Aztec life.
Quetzalcoatl was the Aztec version of the Feathered Serpent god that permeated Mesoamerican mythologies. A powerful figure who served as a co-creator of the Aztec universe, Quetzalcoatl was often depicted as a benevolent and clever deity. His gifts of life and maize were as famous as his clashes with his brother, Tezcatlipoca.
The Aztec god of rain, Tlaloc ensured that rains vital to the harvest arrived on time. Even after the Spanish Inquisition outlawed the practice of Aztec religion, the centuries old veneration of Tlaloc kept him in the hearts and minds of his people.
Mictlantecuhtli was the Aztec lord of the dead and ruler of the underworld. He appeared early on in Aztec creation myths, reflecting their view of death as an integral part of life. Following their deaths, deceased souls would embark on a four year journey to his realm of Mictlan. Mictlantecuhtli also played an intergral role in Hueymiccaylhuitl, the Aztec festival of the dead.
Tezcatlipoca was an omnipresent Aztec deity who, together with Quetzalcoatl, created the world and everything in it. Closely associated with jaguars, smoke, and obsidian mirrors, Tezcatlipoca outwitted Quetzalcoatl and became the ruler of the modern era.
The Aztec water goddess Chalchiuhtlicue governed oceans, rivers and lakes. Her waters were said to have healing properties, and she served as the patron goddess of both newborns and the sick. She also served as the sun of the fourth age, although a jealous Tezcatlipoca taunted her and caused her to cry herself from the sky.
The goddess Coatlicue, or Snakes-Her-Skirt, was the mother of the Mexica patron and god of war Huitzilopochtli. Coatlicue gave birth to Huitzilopochtli during the Mexica exodus from Aztlan, and the boy subsequently saved her from his enraged siblings.
Xochiquetzal was one of several Aztec deities associated with the moon; she also served as the goddess of erotic love, fertility and weaving. Her Aztec cult of worship was adopted from the ancient Mayan cult that worshipped the lunar deity known as Goddess I.