About
Greek Titan

Perses

Perses was the son of the Titan Crius and his wife Eurybia and was often numbered among the Titans himself. He married Asteria, another second-generation Titan, with whom he fathered Hecate, a goddess of witchcraft.

By Avi Kapach1 min read • Last updated on Apr. 22nd, 2022
  • Perses was not one of the original twelve Titans born to Gaia and Uranus, but he was a child of one of those Titans (Crius) and was thus sometimes called a Titan as well.

  • According to the common tradition, Perses and his wife Asteria had a daughter named Hecate. In other traditions, however, Hecate was the daughter of Zeus rather than Perses.

#Etymology

The name “Perses” (Greek Πέρσης, translit. Pérsēs) may be related to the Greek word πέρθω (pérthō), meaning “destroy” (itself a word of uncertain etymology).

#Pronunciation

  • English
    Greek

    Perses

    Πέρσης (translit. Pérsēs)

  • Phonetic
    IPA

    [PUR-seez]

    /ˈpɜr siz/

#Attributes

The ancients had little to say about Perses or his attributes. However, the poet Hesiod did describe him as “eminent among all men in wisdom.”1

#Family

Perses was one of the sons of Crius, a Titan, and Eurybia, a daughter of Gaia and Pontus. He had two brothers, Astraeus and Pallas.2

Marco Liberi - Jupiter and Asteria

Jupiter and Asteria by Marco Liberi (second half of 17th century). Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary.

Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain

Perses married Asteria and may have fathered Hecate with her.3 Some traditions also made Perses the father of Chariclo, one of the wives of the wise centaur Chiron.4

#Family Tree

#Mythology

Perses is a shadowy figure; his role in Greek mythology appears to have been limited to his genealogical function as the husband of Asteria and the (possible) father of Hecate.

#Further Reading

#Primary Sources

Greek

  • Hesiod (eighth/seventh century BCE): Perses’ genealogy is outlined in Hesiod’s Theogony.

  • Apollodorus (first century BCE or first few centuries CE): Perses’ genealogy and mythology are summarized in the Library.

Roman

  • Hyginus (first century CE or later): The Fabulae, a Latin mythological handbook, mentions Perses and his genealogy.

#Secondary Sources

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