About
Greek Titan

Pallas

Pallas was a son of the Titan Crius and his wife Eurybia and was often numbered among the Titans himself. He married Styx, an Oceanid associated with the Underworld, with whom he fathered Zelos, Nike, Kratos, and Bia.

By Avi Kapach2 min read • Last updated on Jul. 18th, 2022
  • Pallas was not one of the original twelve Titans born to Gaia and Uranus, but he was the child of one of those Titans (Crius) and was thus sometimes called a Titan as well.

  • Pallas was usually called the father of four personifications linked with war and violence: Zelos (“Rivalry”), Nike (“Victory”), Kratos (“Strength”), and Bia (“Force”).

#Etymology

The name “Pallas” (Greek Πάλλας, translit. Pallas) was sometimes interpreted as meaning “maiden” in antiquity, as it was a common epithet of the goddess Athena.1 Other early sources derived the name from the Greek verb pallō, meaning “shake.”2 However, the true etymology of the name is unknown and may be pre-Greek.3

#Pronunciation

  • English
    Greek

    Pallas

    Πάλλας (translit. Pallas)

  • Phonetic
    IPA

    [PAL-uhs]

    /ˈpæl əs/

#Family

Pallas was one of the sons of Crius, a Titan, and Eurybia, a daughter of Gaia and Pontus. He had two brothers, Astraeus and Perses.4

Pallas married Styx, an Oceanid who gave her name to one of the rivers of the Underworld. Together they had four children, each a personification of a different aspect of war or violence: Zelos (“Rivalry”), Nike (“Victory”), Kratos (“Strength”), and Bia (“Force”).5 According to the Roman mythographer Hyginus, Pallas and Styx were also the parents of Scylla, the Fountains, and the Lakes.6 Other sources made Pallas the father of Eos7 or Selene.8

#Family Tree

  • Parents
    father
    mother
    • Eurybia
  • Siblings
    brothers
  • Consorts
    wife
    • Styx
  • Children
    sons
    daughters
    • Kratos
    • Zelos
    • Nike
    • Bia

#Mythology

Pallas, like his brothers Astraeus and Perses, does not have a mythology of his own. Instead, he serves a genealogical function as the husband of Styx and the father of a handful of divine personifications.

#Further Reading

#Primary Sources

Greek

  • Hesiod: Pallas’ genealogy is outlined in Hesiod’s Theogony (seventh century BCE).

  • Apollodorus: Pallas’ genealogy and mythology are summarized in the Library (first century BCE or first few centuries CE).

Roman

  • Hyginus: The Fabulae, a Latin mythological handbook (first or second century CE), names Pallas as one of the Giants.

#Secondary Sources

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