Cumae (known as Cyme in Greek) was a city in Campania in western Italy. It was first founded as a colony around 740 BCE by Greeks from Euboea, quickly prospering due to its fertile plain and its strategic position on the Bay of Naples.
Cumae played an important role in the history of Italy and even entered Roman mythology. The ancient temple of Apollo at Cumae—seat of the Cumaean Sibyl (a famous oracle)—was said to have been visited by the Trojan hero Aeneas when he came to Italy in search of a new home.
Cumae was also associated with the Tarquins, the last royal family of Rome, who sought refuge in the city when they were overthrown.