Crius was one of the first Titans in Greek mythology and the offspring of Gaia and Uranus. An obscure figure, he was best known for fathering the wind god Astraeus as well as the fiery and warlike brothers Pallas and Perses. Crius joined forces with the other Titans in the cataclysmic war against the Olympians known as the Titanomachy. Following their defeat, Crius and his brethren were consigned to the dark realm of Tartarus for all eternity.
The name “Crius” is the ancient Greek word for “ram” (krios). Scholars have suggested several possible etymologies for the name, including the Indo-European *kerh₂-s- (“horn"), the Germanic *kroi-no- (“reindeer”), and certain Balto-Slavic words meaning “curved” (the Lithuanian kredīvas or kraīvas, the Greek skolios, etc.).
Crius Κριός (translit. Krios)
[KRAHY-uhs] /ˈkraɪ əs/
Crius’ association with the ram suggests a figure of masculine strength and virility. However, his relative absence from the Greek texts makes it difficult to confirm these attributes.
Crius was among the first generation of Titans—those born to mother Gaia, the personification of the earth, and father Uranus, the incarnation of the heavens. This primordial union brought forth not only Crius but also Coeus, Cronus, Hyperion, Iapetus, Oceanus, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, Tethys, Thea, Themis, and Rhea. Crius has monstrous siblings as well, including the one-eyed Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires, who had one-hundred hands each.
Crius was a mysterious figure rarely mentioned in Greek mythology. What few appearances he did have established him as the husband of the sea deity Eurybia and the father of Astraeus, Perses, and Pallas. As Hesiod writes in his Theogony: “And Eurybia, bright goddess, was joined in love to Crius and bare great Astraeus, and Pallas, and Perses who also was eminent among all men in wisdom.”
Despite his relative obscurity, Crius has made appearances in several modern adaptations of Greek mythology. He can be found in an episode of the television show Xena: Warrior Princess and was featured in Rick Riordan’s The Last Olympian, the final installment of the Percy Jackson and the Olympians book series. In the novel, Krios (an alternate name for Crius) defends the Titans’ base as they mount their final assault on Manhattan. Crius was also featured as the protagonist of the 1962 Italian film Arrivano i titani, or The Coming of the Titans.